— The world is so colorful

To prevent depression, we must first cultivate a sense of self-worth

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Many medical and psychological studies have found that the mutual influence of multiple factors such as physiology, psychology, family, school, society, etc., together lead to the result of youth depression.Child 抑鬱症 needs parental care! Just as the symptoms of physical discomfort remind us of physical problems, depression, as a painful psychological symptom, reminds us of physical problems.

What is the psychological problem of a depressed child? We can look for clues from the child’s expression: “No one likes me” is telling the bitterness of rejection; “It’s all my fault, I shouldn’t…” Yes Repeatedly chewing past mistakes; “This situation cannot be changed, there is no way” is an expression of despair for the future; “I can’t do anything well” reflects the sense of meaninglessness deep in my heart. These clues can reveal their doubts or denials of themselves from different sides, pointing to the common root of an enterprise: the lack of sense of self-education.

How to improve children’s sense of self-worth?

According to the “self in the mirror” theory, a person’s views and evaluations of oneself are often based on other people’s reactions to oneself. Psychological research has also found that the basic structure of a person’s sense of self-worth mainly comes from the interaction with the caregiver. As a person grows up, teachers and peers also have an important influence on self-evaluation.

Before the age of 3, the child is in a self-centered state. Whatever happens around it will be attributed to him. Parents can respond to the child’s needs in a meticulous and timely manner, let the child eat and dress well, play with, and comfort in time. I feel that “others treat me well because I am cute and important”, and a sense of self-worth is built up.

At the age of 4-6, children’s self-awareness gradually becomes clear, and they begin to pay more and more attention to evaluations from the outside world. Parents can allow their children to explore more behaviors, appreciate their children’s whimsical ideas, and affirm their children’s contributions to their families and partners. The labor of the child encourages children to internalize the positive feedback from their parents into a positive experience of themselves and enhance their sense of self-worth.

In elementary school, children have clear learning tasks, and the influence of peers is increasingly prominent. At home, building a good parent-child relationship can make children feel like and accepted by their parents, and experience self-worth; in school, children can be taught to learn and abide by appropriate codes of conduct, cultivate children’s interpersonal skills, and strive for the class Honor allows children to feel accepted and needed by the collective and others, thereby enhancing their sense of self-worth.

By the middle school, the child enters puberty and the need for independence continues to increase. Parents should learn to listen to their children’s ideas, respect their children’s opinions, and try not to actively disturb their children. When a child encounters difficulties, parents should, on the basis of recognizing the child’s good intentions, remind the child of possible risks and challenges, and help the child improve the action plan and program, which is particularly important for enhancing the child’s values.

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